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What is an auditory processing disorder
Diagnosis of APD
Treatment of APD
Differentiating a language processing disorder (LPD) from an APD


Majority are male (75%) Problem with retrieval of common words
Normal hearing abilities Use of neutral, generic or less-specific labels
Difficulty following oral directions, inconsistent responses to auditory stimuli Misuse of words with a similar phonetic structure
Short auditory attention span; fatigues easily during auditory tasks Generating creative, original language terms; use of descriptions or circumlocutions
Poor short-term and long-term memory Response latency; use of fillers to buy time
Gives impression of not listening even though looking at the speaker; daydreams Frequent “I don’t know” or “I forgot” responses
Difficulty listening in the presence of background noise Verbal repetition or rehearsal
Difficulty localizing sound Inconsistency in learning; requires extensive review of previously-learnt material
Academic deficits (phonics, reading or spelling) and mild speech-language impairments Recognizes language errors but cannot correct them.
Disruptive behaviours – distracted, impulsive, frustrated Incomplete sentences or thoughts
Frequest requests for verbal repetition or often saying “huh?” Pragmatic problems; disruptive behaviour
History of otitis media Age-commensurate IQ and vocabulary with academic deficits; learning disability label.
Reference : Richards, Gail J., 2001, The Source for Processing Disorders, Linguisystems, Inc., East Moline, IL
Differential diagnosis between APD and LPD can be subtle. Sound idEARS offers a unique environment in which clinical audiologists and speech-language pathologists are available as a team to provide expertise from different perspectives. Typically, an APD will be treated by our audiologists. The identification of LPD will require intervention from either Sound idEARS speech-language pathologists or through working closely with other speech-language pathologists already involved in an individual’s care.
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